Personal injury law covers situations in which a person’s body, mind, or emotions are hurt, usually due to someone else’s negligence or carelessness. It includes wrongful death, or situations where an injury proves fatal. Another term for personal injury law is tort law. Although personal injury law covers any kind of case where a person is injured, some kinds of cases are more common than others. Such as: car accidents (including accidents with large trucks, motorcycles, or pedestrians), consumer product liability cases (including defective products, medications, and recalled productions), injuries caused by animals (dog bites), etc.
Personal injury law focuses on the injures caused to individual people. Property damage may be involved, such as when a car accident damages a car as well as injuring its driver, personal injury addresses the injured people first and then assesses property second. Formal lawsuits differ from criminal cases, which has initiated by the government, a formal personal injury case typically starts when a private individual (plaintiff) files a civil complaint against another person, business, corporation, or government agency (defendant). Alleging that the defendant acted carelessly or irresponsibly in connection with an accident or injury that caused harm. This action is known as “filing a lawsuit”.
Automobile accidents, the area in which most personal injury actions arise, provide a good example of how the tort system works. You have a negligence claim in a “fault” state if you are injured by a driver who failed to exercise reasonable care, because drivers have a duty to exercise reasonable care anytime they are on the road. If alcohols i involved in a case like this, you may not only need the best DUI lawyer in Las Vegas to represent you, but you may also need a Personal Injury attorney. When they breach that duty and your injury results, personal injury law says you can recoup your losses. (Note, though, that the system may be very different in states that have passed no-fault laws.)
Negligence reaches far beyond claims stemming from car accidents. It is the basis for liability in most personal injury lawsuits, including medical malpractice. A commonly asked question is; Will the person who caused my injury get punished? No. Punishment comes from criminal cases, not civil cases. Defendants in civil actions for personal injury do not receive jail terms or stiff fines as punishment. Those are criminal sentences and personal injury cases are civil disputes. (But juries and courts can award what the law calls punitive damages when the defendant’s intentional acts have injured you. These awards are rather rare.)